|Doctor - this profession is one of the most
respected. Because we entrust doctors to the most
important thing we have: our lives.
the profession of doctor
The profession of doctor is one of the oldest in
the world : shamans used herbal mixtures and
tinctures thousands of years ago to treat injuries
and relieve pain. The expulsion of demons and the
invocation of the gods were also part of the
healer's job, because illness was generally seen as
the wrath of the gods. In the 5th century BC, the
Greek Hippocrates laid the foundations for modern
medicine. He tried to investigate the physical
causes of diseases and to treat them in a targeted
manner. Medicines and technical aids were hardly
available to him.
The subject of human medicine
A lot has changed since then. Doctors can draw on
extensive medical knowledge, a variety of medicines
and the latest technical equipment. In order to be
able to provide people with professional care, a
long and intensive course of study is required. The
standard period of study is 12 semesters and the
course is divided into two sections:
- preclinical section
- clinical section
In the pre-clinic, the students first get to know
the medical basics:
- In anatomy, they crumble the Latin names for
the individual body parts and dissect corpses to
get to know the structure of the human body.
- In physiology you will learn everything
about our blood circulation and hormonal
- In biochemistry, the processes in the body
are viewed at the smallest level of molecules
The curriculum also includes:
After the students have gained practical
experience in a three-month nursing internship and a
first aid course, they can take the first part of
the medical examination.
In the second stage of the trial is clinical
training of students in the foreground. You will
learn to diagnose and treat a wide variety of
diseases. They deal with a total of 22 disciplines,
from occupational medicine to toxicology. Medical
informatics, ethics and medical history are also
part of the curriculum.
The practical training takes place in block
internships, which students complete in university
clinics and teaching hospitals, and the internship
in the form of a four-month internship. During this
time, the students look over the shoulder of doctors
in the operating room and learn about various
examination methods. In the last academic year, the
students work four months in the following areas:
- in surgery
- in internal medicine
- on a freely selectable station
This is followed by the second medical
examination. This is also known as the "hammer
exam". It bears this name because within six days
all of the theoretical and practical knowledge
learned is queried in tests lasting several hours.
To get the title Dr.med. To be allowed to wear,
aspiring medical doctors must do their doctorate. In
contrast to students in other subjects, doctors are
allowed to write their dissertation while they are
still studying. On average, they spend three to four
semesters doing their doctoral thesis alongside
their studies. They often carry out research or
studies on behalf of a professor. For a full-time
doctorate after completing their studies, the
budding doctors only need about an year on average.
Study opportunities for human medicine
Almost 40 universities in Germany offer medicine.
Not only the study itself, but also the selection
process is tough. All applications run through the
Foundation for University Admissions (formerly ZVS).
The study places are then allocated according to the
school leaving certificate, waiting time and
university-internal selection procedures. The NC has
been on average between 1.0 and 1.1 in recent years.
The waiting time is around 13 semesters. The
universities themselves usually allocate the study
places according to the Abitur grades. However, they
also take other criteria into account, such as a
completed training or a good result in the TMS
Studied human medicine abroad
Those who do not have a high school diploma of
1.0 have to wait a long time for a place in Germany.
Given this waiting period, many students take the
opportunity to study medicine abroad. The courses
there offer the advantage that the admissions are
sometimes not dependent on the NC, but instead the
universities carry out special entrance exams. The
students also benefit from the fact that some of the
courses are held in English: on their return, they
not only have a completed medical degree in their
pocket, but also have international experience and
perfect English skills.
Possible occupational fields with a degree in
After passing the state exam, graduates can apply
for a license to practice medicine. However,
training to become a specialist is a prerequisite
for opening your own practice. Most doctors complete
this training by working as an assistant doctor in a
clinic for five to seven years. After successfully
completing their specialist training, most doctors
work in hospitals or in a practice.
If they don't treat patients themselves, they can
also go into research to develop new medicines and
medical devices. Jobs in the pharmaceutical industry
and in specialist publishers are also possible. For
example, doctors conduct drug studies or write
scientific articles. Political activity in the
health lobby is also conceivable.